- The solutions adopted in the new Plan entail a much higher cost than what was initially anticipated, due to the lack of consensus among the different institutions involved. Thus, under no circumstances should these additional costs be attributed to nuclear power plants.
- The extra costs associated with this Plan represent a substantial change compared to the conditions of the 2019 agreement of the Protocol of Intent—which was subsequently included in the National Energy and Climate Plan 2021-2030 (PNIEC)—between the National Radioactive Waste Company (Enresa)and the nuclear power plants for their operation. The agreement included increasing the Enresa Tax by a 20% maximum. It is worth noting that, after this increase, the entire Spanish nuclear fleet makes an annual contribution of approximately 450 million euros to the Enresa Fund.
- The solution adopted by this Plan, with Decentralized Temporary Storage (ATD) at each of the nuclear power plants and a Deep Geological Repository (AGP) in operation by 2073, implies that nuclear sites cannot be liberated until nearly the end of the century. This is far from the recommendations of the European Commission to have a solution for the final management of spent fuel by the year 2050. European countries that support nuclear generation, such as France, Finland, Switzerland or Sweden, are advancing the management of their APGs.
- Maintaining the operation of the Spanish nuclear fleet aligns with the resolution approved in the recent COP28 Summit, contributes to reducing emissions and achieving the European NetZero goal, lowers the electricity bills for families and businesses, and significantly supports financing for the Plan. The longer the nuclear power plants operate, the more funding will be available in the Enresa Fund.
- Finally, it is important to remember that nuclear power plants are subject to excessive, sometimes redundant, discriminatory and non-homogeneous taxation, which is not comparable to the rest of technologies and highly penalizes their operation and management. For this reason, any additional tax increase would compromise their economic viability.
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